The final formatting of a written work (bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral, graduate or other work) requires both working with the relevant text editor, or word processor and knowledge of typographic rules.

Each written work consists of two basic parts – content and formal. The content section contains information for which the author wrote the work. The formal part then means editing the content section to make it easier for the reader to navigate the text. The rules that the author must respect and adhere to apply to both parts. When processing the text, it is important to pay attention to both the content and the subsequent formalization.

When formatting the final theses, it is necessary to follow the methodological guidelines (guidelines) given by the particular school, but always based on generally valid typographic rules. We will help you to orientate in them and bring you instructions and tips on how to finalize the written work (applies equally to bachelor, master, doctoral, graduate and rigorous works). We will show you what to look out for, point out the rules to be followed, and advise on how to formally process individual parts of the text.

Our tip: If you want to be sure that you have the formatting of your written work really fine and that it meets your school’s requirements, please order a formatting service from us. We will be happy to help you and format your work for you.

However, the hints and tutorials below should be understood as general. There are so many principles for processing different texts that it is not possible to give full details here.

Formal adaptation of written work

An important part of any written work is its final adjustment or formatting. Text formatting simply means dividing the text into logical units, unifying the style and appearance of the text and making the whole work more transparent.

No written work can be submitted in the form of a chaotic, cluttered text. In the case of final theses, bachelor, diploma, graduate, doctoral or dissertation theses, it is necessary to adhere to the requirements of the university / university to format the final theses. And of course, it is necessary to follow standard rules for writing texts during the course of studies. Often, writers do not even realize how great the formatting work has on its overall tone. Sloppy adjustment of the final thesis will give the impression of a general inadequacy and will make the reader considerably more difficult to read. Of course, the use of an adequate language style (standard professional language) and grammatical correctness of the text.

When writing a thesis, one has to think about how different readers will perceive it and how they want to work with it. The title of the thesis can be of interest to an expert who will expect new information in his field, as well as a layman who will only want to see what the bachelor, diploma, graduate, rigorous, or doctoral thesis specifically concerns. For this reason, it is a good idea to create an introduction that is sufficiently understandable for anyone and only to get into the technical details in the main part of the work. For readers who only need quick information about the content (typically when searching for resources for further work), an elaborately annotated abstract / abstract and conclusion of the work, or a list of tables or graphs is important, as well as a well-prepared and complete list of used literature / bibliographic citations. .

Our tip: The complete formal arrangement of written work is part of our service. Don’t add unnecessary worries and entrust your bachelor, diploma, graduate, doctoral, dissertation or other work to format us. We will help you with everything and you will be sure not only of professional formal modifications.

Now let’s take a look at specific points on how to finalize a written work:

1. Clear and consistent text editing

For the whole bachelor, diploma, graduate, doctoral or dissertation thesis it is necessary to choose a unified font and a unified style of headings and subheadings. For this purpose, you can use various predefined styles, or create your own style.

Fonts should be selected serif, Times New Roman is the most commonly used font. If we work with different versions of the font (bold, italic) and its size appropriately, then it is possible to use the same type of font for the whole work, yet to achieve proper clarity. However, we never use more than three types of fonts in one written work. The usual font size is 12 points, the font size of the headings is determined by the selected style.

2. Rules to be followed when formatting

Observe the appearance of a standard page.

Keep adequately large and the same paragraph spacing everywhere.

For all paragraphs, follow the first line indent.

The line must not end with a single-line clutch or preposition.

It is not possible to divide the academic title and the name or number and the calculated subject at the end of the line.

Bind the title with the following text, as well as a picture, table, and chart with its title.

Do not divide words in headings. Elsewhere in the text it is possible to divide the words so that the text on the line is not aesthetically non-aesthetic;

Use single page headers and footers and a unified footnote style.

Correct page numbering – here the pages count from the beginning of the work, but the first visible number appears on the introduction page.

3. General arrangement of the thesis

The organization of a bachelor, diploma, graduate, rigorous or dissertation thesis is based on the requirement of a logical division of the text and the requirements of a particular university / university. Then the standard layout looks like this:


The name of the school, faculty and department, the title of the thesis in English, the type of work (bachelor, diploma, graduate, doctoral thesis), the name of the author and the supervisor (including titles), place and year of publication are usually given here.


The author of the bachelor, diploma, graduate, rigorous or dissertation thesis confirms that he elaborated the work independently. Typing a statement is usually given by a college / university.


It does not belong to the compulsory parts of the thesis, but it is considered appropriate to thank the supervisor and important co-workers who have contributed to or contributed significantly to the successful content of the bachelor, diploma, graduate, rigorous or dissertation thesis.

Annotation / Abstract

The location of the annotation / abstract in the text is determined by the requirement of the university / university. Unless otherwise specified, the annotation / abstract is immediately following the statement. Abstract / Abstract is a very short text, consisting of one paragraph with continuous sentences, where we summarize the discussed topics (used for searching in professional catalogs). We include both English version, usually both on one sheet.


It is necessary to correctly generate the automatic content of the whole work, including all lists and attachments. Mostly, content is the last page that is not numbered.


From this section, it is already necessary to list pages (mostly in footer) on the pages. It is true that this is the first visible page numbering, but the previous pages are counted. In the introduction the author outlines the problem he will deal with, briefly mentions the current state of research in the given area and already existing literature and presents his aims and hypotheses examined. The introduction is usually not long, usually two standard pages are enough.

Theoretical and practical / analytical part

The most important part of work. Here the author’s abilities will be shown in both research and expression. In this section, it is extremely important that the text is structured correctly, that the citations in the text are correctly listed and that the images, tables and graphs are placed in a suitable way.


The part where the author aptly describes what he has achieved in his work, whether his initial hypotheses have been confirmed or not, will indicate how his results could be used for further work and the like. This is a text about no tables or specific figures.

List of used literature / bibliographic citations

This is the part of the work that most often contains errors. This is a list of all the sources used to draw up a bachelor, master, graduate, doctoral or dissertation thesis. It is important not to forget any source, which would be classified as plagiarism. Quotations of the sources used have their principles, which are often specified in the guidelines or guidelines of the university / university.

Lists of pictures, tables and graphs

After the list of used literature / bibliographic citations, there is an automatic generation of a list of pictures, a list of tables and a list of graphs.


The last part of the bachelor, diploma, graduate, rigorous or dissertation thesis is its appendices. As a rule, individual attachments may be unnumbered or other page numbering (eg, Roman numerals) may be used.